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Kitcharao is located in the northern most town of the province and lies on the boundary line between Surigao del Norte and Agusan del Norte. It has a land area of 21,240 hectares and own its abundance fresh water fish supply from the famous Lake Mainit, a top tourist attraction in the area.

The inhabitants of the municipality come from various regions in Luzon and the Visayas. Hence, you  can find Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Ilongos, Warays, Cebuanos, Boholanos and few aborigines called mamanwas and manobo, peacefully living side by side in this coconut and banana rich town.

The municipality is located in the northernmost part of Agusan del Norte along the center of the famous Lake Mainit. It has only few plain areas of which settlements are concentrated and agriculture are dominant. Lake Mainit and lakeshore are utilized as fishing grounds and proposed tourism sites in some areas. The eastern portions are mountainous having a low income farming production and other plants are left denuded. The southern part of Poblacion is the Mt. Kabatuan which rich in marble stone and plenty potential tourist sites. Conflicts of land use are observed.

Most of the settlements are located in the lowlands along the national highway and other roads. Social infra and economic infra are located most in the central urban area, although there are some located in the central of rural barangays.

Majority of economic activities in the municipality are farming and fishing. There are some minor economic activities like marble and hydrated lime processing, commerce and trade. A newly started economic intervention are observed in the upland areas under Community Based Resource Management Project (CBRMP) undertaking the tree plantation, agroforestry, microwatershed development and diversified farming with livestock.

The development of tourism industry of the municipality is on its infant stage of which needs coordinated efforts to make it operational.

The municipal functions in terms of provincial and regional development are ecotourism destination, producers of lime products, forest products and agricultural products.